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高性能钛合金先进成形技术研究现状

李军兆 孙清洁 于航

李军兆, 孙清洁, 于航. 高性能钛合金先进成形技术研究现状[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2021, 42(6): 17-27. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.002
引用本文: 李军兆, 孙清洁, 于航. 高性能钛合金先进成形技术研究现状[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2021, 42(6): 17-27. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.002
Li Junzhao, Sun Qingjie, Yu Hang. Current research status of advanced forming technology for high-performance titanium alloys[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2021, 42(6): 17-27. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.002
Citation: Li Junzhao, Sun Qingjie, Yu Hang. Current research status of advanced forming technology for high-performance titanium alloys[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2021, 42(6): 17-27. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.002

高性能钛合金先进成形技术研究现状

doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.002
基金项目: 湖南省科技创新计划项目(S2021 GXKJCX0287)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李军兆(1993—),男,山东青岛人,博士研究生,高级工程师,主要从事钛及钛合金焊接技术研究,E-mail:031@goldskycn.com

  • 中图分类号: TF823,TG306

Current research status of advanced forming technology for high-performance titanium alloys

  • 摘要: 主要介绍先进热成形技术、脉冲电流辅助成形技术和电磁辅助成形技术的特点,及其在钛合金薄壁板材成形中应用的研究进展。热成形是钛合金塑性加工应用最为普遍的成形工艺,利用高温下钛合金塑性变形软化的特征,能够实现复杂钛合金零件的成形。脉冲电流和电磁辅助成形技术目前尚未开展大规模的产业应用,其在高强度难成形材料的成形加工方面具有潜在应用前景。
  • 图  1  TC4钛合金屈服强度(a)、抗拉强度(b)和延伸率(c)随温度的变化曲线[11]

    Figure  1.  The yield strength (a), tensile strength (b) and elongation (c) of TC4 titanium alloy with forming temperature

    图  2  不同温度和应变率下钛合金加工极限图谱[13]

    Figure  2.  Processing map of titanium alloy at different temperatures and strain rates

    图  3  不同变形温度下TC4的显微组织结构[15]

    Figure  3.  The microstructure of TC4 alloy obtained under various forming temperatures

    图  4  钛合金热成形结构件[21-23]

    Figure  4.  The hot forming structural parts of titanium alloy

    图  5  电辅助轧制和渐进成形示意[23, 37]

    Figure  5.  Schematic diagram of electric assisted rolling and incremental forming process

    图  6  高能脉冲电流频率对TC4钛合金抗拉强度和延伸率的影响[40]

    Figure  6.  The effect of electropulsing frequency on tensile strength and elongation of TC4 alloy

    图  7  脉冲电流对TC4钛合金裂纹扩展行为的影响[39, 43]

    Figure  7.  The effect of electropulsing on crack propagation behavior of TC4 alloy

    图  8  常规冷拔和电流辅助冷拔TC4微观组织[44]

    Figure  8.  Microstructure of TC4 obtained from cold drawing and electric assisted drawing

    图  9  冷变形和脉冲电流辅助作用下的位错行为[44, 45]

    Figure  9.  The dislocation behavior of TC4 obtained from cold drawing and electropulsing processing

    图  10  高能脉冲频率下的拉拔组织形态和平均晶粒尺寸[40]

    Figure  10.  The microstructure and average grain size of TC4 alloy obtained from cold drawing process with electropulsing processing

    图  11  电辅助电致塑性和非电致塑性效应定量研究[49]

    Figure  11.  Quantitative study of electroplastic and non-electroplastic effect

    图  12  脉冲电流辅助条件下的应力应变曲线和热软化系数[50]

    Figure  12.  Stress-strain curve and thermal softening coefficient of TC4 alloying from electropulsing processing

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-15
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