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页岩钒矿直接酸浸提钒的强化与活化研究进展

张云 叶国华 梁雪崟 项新月 荣一阳 宋昌溆

张云, 叶国华, 梁雪崟, 项新月, 荣一阳, 宋昌溆. 页岩钒矿直接酸浸提钒的强化与活化研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2023, 44(2): 1-8. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2023.02.001
引用本文: 张云, 叶国华, 梁雪崟, 项新月, 荣一阳, 宋昌溆. 页岩钒矿直接酸浸提钒的强化与活化研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2023, 44(2): 1-8. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2023.02.001
Zhang Yun, Ye Guohua, Liang Xueyin, Xiang Xinyue, Rong Yiyang, Song Changxu. Research progress on the enhancement and activation of extracting vanadium by direct acid leaching from shale vanadium ore[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2023, 44(2): 1-8. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2023.02.001
Citation: Zhang Yun, Ye Guohua, Liang Xueyin, Xiang Xinyue, Rong Yiyang, Song Changxu. Research progress on the enhancement and activation of extracting vanadium by direct acid leaching from shale vanadium ore[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2023, 44(2): 1-8. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2023.02.001

页岩钒矿直接酸浸提钒的强化与活化研究进展

doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2023.02.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51964028);昆明理工大学分析测试基金(2021M20202201063)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张云,1999年出生,女,硕士研究生,研究方向:钒的提取,E-mail:antzhangyun@163.com

    通讯作者:

    叶国华,男,博士,教授,长期从事钒资源的物理分选与化学提取的研究工作, E-mail:ghye581@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TF841.3,TF111

Research progress on the enhancement and activation of extracting vanadium by direct acid leaching from shale vanadium ore

  • 摘要: 评述了近些年我国在页岩钒矿直接酸浸提钒强化与活化方面的研究进展。结果表明:助浸剂可强化与活化对页岩钒矿晶格结构的破坏作用,其中,含氟助浸剂因浸出效果好、成本低而在工业上得到广泛应用,但大量使用氟化物会加大废水处理的难度;氧化剂能将不溶的低价钒氧化为可溶的高价钒,其一般配合含氟助浸剂使用。混合酸浸出即采用含氟酸与硫酸按一定比例混合,可以达到强化与活化目的,为页岩钒矿浸出提钒提供了一条新的思路。加压浸出可以强化钒的浸出效果,但对设备要求严格,仍处于试验研究阶段。微波协助浸出、超声波协助浸出及微生物浸出作为新型浸出技术,在技术和设备发展水平上具有一定局限性。绿色高效助浸剂的研发仍将是今后的主要方向,与此同时,应不断加深对新型强化与活化浸出技术基础理论的探讨,以为后续技术与设备的革新及未来的产业化应用提供理论支撑。
  • 图  1  助浸剂浸出提钒工艺流程

    Figure  1.  Process of leaching vanadium by aid-leaching agent

    图  2  微波协助浸出提钒工艺流程

    Figure  2.  Process of leaching vanadium by microwave

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-12-22
  • 刊出日期:  2023-04-30

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