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基于步进式加热炉的钛坯加热过程温度场研究

向国进 罗许 耿乃涛 张安康 李俊洪 于辉

向国进, 罗许, 耿乃涛, 张安康, 李俊洪, 于辉. 基于步进式加热炉的钛坯加热过程温度场研究[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2021, 42(6): 191-198. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.028
引用本文: 向国进, 罗许, 耿乃涛, 张安康, 李俊洪, 于辉. 基于步进式加热炉的钛坯加热过程温度场研究[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2021, 42(6): 191-198. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.028
Xiang Guojin, Luo Xu, Geng Naitao, Zhang Ankang, Li Junhong, Yu Hui. Study on temperature field of titanium slab heating process based on walking-beam-type furnace[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2021, 42(6): 191-198. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.028
Citation: Xiang Guojin, Luo Xu, Geng Naitao, Zhang Ankang, Li Junhong, Yu Hui. Study on temperature field of titanium slab heating process based on walking-beam-type furnace[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2021, 42(6): 191-198. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.028

基于步进式加热炉的钛坯加热过程温度场研究

doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2021.06.028
基金项目: 河北省自然科学基金(E202103237);中央引导地方科技发展资金项目(216 Z1002 G)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    于辉(1974—),男,天津人,教授,博士研究生导师,通讯作者,主要从事脆、塑性材料成形研究,E-mail: yuhui@ysu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TF823,TG339

Study on temperature field of titanium slab heating process based on walking-beam-type furnace

  • 摘要: 基于某钢厂的蓄热室步进式加热炉,以炉内的TA1钛坯为研究对象,建立传热的数学模型和加热过程的有限元模型,开展钛坯在炉内加热过程中的温度分布研究。研究炉膛温度和钛坯入炉温度对钛坯加热过程中最大断面温差的影响,以及预热段温度和一加热段温度对满足出炉要求钛坯芯部温度的加热时间影响。结果表明:钛坯经过预热段和加热段加热时,其最高温度一直位于端面角部,最低温度位于钛坯芯部,而经过均热段后,角部温度最低。预热段温度每升高5 ℃,最大断面温差增加1~2 ℃,钛坯入炉温度每升高50 ℃,最大断面温差减小3~8 ℃;预热段温度每升高10 ℃,芯部温度满足出炉要求的时间减少1~2 min,一加热段温度每升高10 ℃,芯部温度满足出炉要求的时间减少4~6 min。
  • 图  1  TA1导热系数、比热容随温度的变化曲线

    Figure  1.  Variation of thermal conductivity and specific heat of TA1 with temperature

    图  2  微元体内部热量传递过程

    Figure  2.  Heat transfer process inside the cell

    图  3  加热炉内热交换示意

    1-炉气向钢坯辐射;2-炉气向炉墙辐射;3-炉墙向钢坯辐射;4-炉墙向外面辐射;5-炉墙向外对流散热;6-炉气向炉墙对流散热;7-炉气向钢坯对流散热;8-内部传导热

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of heat exchange in heating furnace

    图  4  加热炉三维模型与截面

    Figure  4.  3D model and section diagram of heating furnace

    图  5  现场炉膛温度及计算温度

    Figure  5.  On-site furnace temperature and the calculated temperature

    图  6  加热炉温度场分布

    Figure  6.  Temperature field distribution of the heatingfurnace

    图  7  钛坯温度及断面温差随加热时间的变化

    Figure  7.  Changes of temperature and sectional temperature difference of titanium slab with heating time

    图  8  加热过程中钛坯温度分布云图

    Figure  8.  Temperature distribution cloud diagram of titanium slab during heating

    图  9  钛坯计算温度与现场温度对比

    Figure  9.  Comparison between calculated temperature and field temperature of titanium slab

    图  10  钛坯最大断面温差随预热段温度和钛坯初始温度的变化

    Figure  10.  Variation of maximum temperature difference with preheating zone temperature and initial temperature

    图  11  钛坯芯部满足出炉要求时间随炉膛温度的变化

    Figure  11.  The variation of the time with the furnace temperature when the titanium slab core meets the furnace discharge

    表  1  钛坯加热制度

    Table  1.   Heating system of titanium slab

    加热温度/℃加热时间/min
    预热段710~78050±10
    加热段一800~83070±10
    加热段二850~86080±10
    均热段850±1070±10
    下载: 导出CSV
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    [2] Guo Jingjin, Chen Jian. Effect of fuel ratio and slab trajectory on slab heating[J]. Shanxi Metallurgy, 2021,44(1):26−29,34. (果晶晶, 陈健. 燃料配比与钢坯运动轨迹对钢坯加热的影响[J]. 山西冶金, 2021,44(1):26−29,34.
    [3] Feng Guanghong, Zhang Hongliang. Temperature field analysis of cold and hot titanium slab heating process[J]. Special Steel Technology, 2015,21(3):27−31. (冯光宏, 张宏亮. 冷装和热送钛板加热过程的温度场分析[J]. 特钢技术, 2015,21(3):27−31.
    [4] Man Young Kim. A heat transfer model for the analysis of transient heating of the slab in a direct-fired walking beam type reheating furnace[J]. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2007,50(19):3740−3748.
    [5] Tang Guangwu, Wu Bin, Bai Dengqi, et al. CFD modeling and validation of a dynamic slab heating process in an industrial walking beam reheating furnace[J]. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2018,132(5):779−789.
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    [10] 刘肖波. 加热炉内钢坯温度场仿真研究[D]. 石家庄: 河北科技大学, 2019.

    Liu Xiaobo. Simulation of slab temperature field in reheating furnace [D]. Shijiazhuang: Hebei University of Science and Technology, 2019.
    [11] Chen Guang, Xie Qingju, Li Jiao, et al. Numerical simulation of temperature difference of titanium slab section in heating furnace[J]. Metallurgical Energy, 2011,30(2):24−27. (陈光, 谢庆举, 李娇, 等. 加热炉板坯断面温差数值模拟研究[J]. 冶金能源, 2011,30(2):24−27. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1617.2011.02.006
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-08
  • 录用日期:  2021-11-19
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-31

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