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含钒酸浸液净化与富集的研究进展

朱思琴 叶国华 亢选雄 梁雪崟

朱思琴, 叶国华, 亢选雄, 梁雪崟. 含钒酸浸液净化与富集的研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2022, 43(5): 10-22. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.05.002
引用本文: 朱思琴, 叶国华, 亢选雄, 梁雪崟. 含钒酸浸液净化与富集的研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2022, 43(5): 10-22. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.05.002
Zhu Siqin, Ye Guohua, Kang Xuanxiong, Liang Xueyin. Research progress on purification and enrichment of vanadium-bearing acid leaching solution[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2022, 43(5): 10-22. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.05.002
Citation: Zhu Siqin, Ye Guohua, Kang Xuanxiong, Liang Xueyin. Research progress on purification and enrichment of vanadium-bearing acid leaching solution[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2022, 43(5): 10-22. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.05.002

含钒酸浸液净化与富集的研究进展

doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.05.002
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51964028)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    朱思琴,1999年出生,女,硕士研究生,研究方向:钒的提取,E-mail:zhusiqinf@163.com

    通讯作者:

    叶国华,男,博士,教授,长期从事钒资源物理分选与化学提取的研究工作,E-mail:ghye581@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TF841.3

Research progress on purification and enrichment of vanadium-bearing acid leaching solution

  • 摘要: 在分析含钒酸浸液性质特征的基础上,评述了含钒酸浸液净化与富集的研究进展情况。认为目前研究最多的是溶剂萃取法和离子交换法,其中酸性磷类萃取剂选择性差,中性含磷萃取剂一般是作为协萃剂或改性剂使用,碱性胺类萃取剂在操作过程中容易产生第三相,离子液体在萃取领域展示出良好的应用前景,但其规模化制备等问题尚有待解决;阴离子交换树脂在大部分pH条件下都适用,但强酸(pH<2)环境时还是螯合树脂较为适合;传统的化学沉淀法比较适合作为初步处理或者含钒酸浸液体系较为单一时使用;电吸附法虽萃取率较高,但尚且处于实验室研究阶段;溶剂浸渍树脂在实际使用时,树脂中的萃取剂很容易流失而难以大规模推广。最后提出了今后含钒酸浸液净化与富集的研究方向。
  • 图  1  V(V)、V(IV)在不同pH下的存在形式[8]

    Figure  1.  The existence forms of V(V) and V(IV) at different pH

    图  2  酸性磷类萃取剂结构示意

    注:结构示意图由Materials Studio绘制,其中粉色为P原子、红色为O原子、灰色为C原子、白色为H原子,下同

    Figure  2.  Structure of acid phosphorus extractants

    图  3  P204、P507、cyanex272协同萃取结合形式[25]

    Figure  3.  Combination forms of P204、P507 and cyanex272 by synergistic extraction

    图  4  TBP结构示意

    Figure  4.  TBP structure

    图  5  碱性胺类萃取剂结构示意

    注:结构示意图由Materials Studio绘制,其中灰色为C原子、白色为H原子,蓝色为N原子、绿色为Cl原子

    Figure  5.  Structures of alkaline amine extractants

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-01
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-01

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