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耐600 ℃及以上高温钛合金研究进展

王冰 相志磊 周宗熠 申高亮 黄景存 韩竟俞 王安东 陈子勇

王冰, 相志磊, 周宗熠, 申高亮, 黄景存, 韩竟俞, 王安东, 陈子勇. 耐600 ℃及以上高温钛合金研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2024, 45(2): 42-50, 71. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2024.02.007
引用本文: 王冰, 相志磊, 周宗熠, 申高亮, 黄景存, 韩竟俞, 王安东, 陈子勇. 耐600 ℃及以上高温钛合金研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2024, 45(2): 42-50, 71. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2024.02.007
Wang Bing, Xiang Zhilei, Zhou Zongyi, Shen Gaoliang, Huang Jingcun, Han Jingyu, Wang Andong, Chen Ziyong. Research status and prospect of titanium alloys resistant to high temperature of 600 ℃ and above[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2024, 45(2): 42-50, 71. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2024.02.007
Citation: Wang Bing, Xiang Zhilei, Zhou Zongyi, Shen Gaoliang, Huang Jingcun, Han Jingyu, Wang Andong, Chen Ziyong. Research status and prospect of titanium alloys resistant to high temperature of 600 ℃ and above[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2024, 45(2): 42-50, 71. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2024.02.007

耐600 ℃及以上高温钛合金研究进展

doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2024.02.007
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(51871006)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王冰:王 冰,2000年出生,男,河南泌阳人,硕士研究生,研究方向:高温钛合金强韧化以及织构演变分析,E-mail:wangbing@emails.bjut.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    陈子勇,1966 年出生,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博士,教授,研究方向:轻质耐高温难变形结构材料,超高强韧铝合金及其复合材料制备,E-mail:czy@bjut.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TF823,TG146.23

Research status and prospect of titanium alloys resistant to high temperature of 600 ℃ and above

  • 摘要: 概述了国内外耐600 ℃及以上高温钛合金的研究现状,在总结英国IMI834、美国Ti-1100、俄罗斯BT36、中国Ti60、TG6、Ti600、Ti65、Ti750等合金组成及性能的基础上,指出了制约高温钛合金发展的主要瓶颈,并针对目前的研究现状,提出了一些可供借鉴的解决办法。从提高高温钛合金的热稳定性、热强性和高温蠕变强度的角度对制备Ti基复合材料、优化合金成分、优化热加工工艺调控组织、控制α2相的尺寸、数量、体积分数和形态等方面进行了未来展望,为高性能高温钛合金的研制提供了理论基础和参考作用。
  • 图  1  TA29合金在不同的热暴露时间内的α2相形态变化和性能变化示意

    Figure  1.  The schematic diagram of the morphological and property changes of α2 phase in the TA29 alloy under different TE time

    表  1  国内外部分典型高温钛合金化学成分和使用温度

    Table  1.   Chemical compositions and operating temperatures of some typical high temperature titanium alloys at home and abroad

    国家 时间 合金牌号 服役温度/ ℃ 合金成分
    美国 1954 TC4 300~350 Ti-6Al-4V
    1988 Ti-1100 600 Ti-6Al-2.7Sn-4Zr-0.4Mo-0.45Si
    英国 1984 IMI834 600 Ti-5.8Al-4Sn-3.5Zr-0.7Nb-0.5Mo-0.35Si-0.06C
    俄罗斯 1992 BT36 600 Ti-6.2Al-2Sn-3.6Zr-0.7Mo-0.1Y-0.15Si-5W
    中国 1994 Ti60 600 Ti-5.8Al-4.8Sn-2Zr-1Mo-0.35Si-0.85Nd
    1994 Ti600 600 Ti-6Al-2.8Sn-4Zr-0.5Mo-0.4Si-0.1Y
    2000 TG6 600 Ti-5.8Al-4.0Sn-4.0Zr-0.4Si-0.7Nb-1.5Ta-0.06C
    2007 Ti65 650 Ti-5.9Al-4Sn-3.5Zr-0.3Mo-0.3Nb-2.0Ta-0.4Si-1W-0.05C
    2009 Ti750 750 Ti-6Al-9Zr-1.21Nb-1.6W-0.3Si
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  国内外600 ℃及以上高温钛合金的基本特点

    Table  2.   Basic characteristics of 600 ℃ and above high temperature titanium alloys at home and abroad

    合金牌号 密度/(g·m−3) β相转变温度/ ℃ 合金类型
    Ti-1100 4.50 1015 近α型
    IMI834 4.59 1005~1025 近α型
    BT36 4.55 1035~1055 近α型
    Ti60 4.50 1025 近α型
    Ti600 4.50 1010 近α型
    TG6 1050 近α型
    Ti65 1050±15 近α型
    Ti750 1000 近α型
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  国内外600 ℃及以上高温钛合金的力学性能

    Table  3.   Mechanical properties of 600 °C and above high temperature titanium alloys at home and abroad

    合金
    牌号
    室温拉伸性能 600 ℃拉伸性能 600 ℃蠕变性能
    Rm/
    MPa
    Rp0.2/
    MPa
    A/
    %
    Z/
    %
    Rm/
    MPa
    Rp0.2/
    MPa
    A/
    %
    Z/
    %
    $ \varepsilon $/% $ \tau $/%
    Ti-1100 860 960 11 18 530 630 14 30 0.1 300
    IMI834 960 1070 14 20 550 680 15 50 0.1 340
    BT36 1080 10 15 640 0.2 335
    Ti60 1030 1100 11 18 580 700 14 27 0.1 350
    Ti600 1050 1068 11 13 615 745 16 31 0.06~0.1 350
    TG6 940 1036 12.3 24.6 528 658 18.8 39.5 0.18
    Ti65 1000 1094 12.5 12.8 545 655 23.0 46.5 0.14
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-02
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