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从含钒页岩中提取五氧化二钒的研究进展

亢选雄 叶国华 朱思琴 梁雪崟

亢选雄, 叶国华, 朱思琴, 梁雪崟. 从含钒页岩中提取五氧化二钒的研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2022, 43(2): 25-34. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.02.005
引用本文: 亢选雄, 叶国华, 朱思琴, 梁雪崟. 从含钒页岩中提取五氧化二钒的研究进展[J]. 钢铁钒钛, 2022, 43(2): 25-34. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.02.005
Kang Xuanxiong, Ye Guohua, Zhu Siqin, Liang Xueyin. Research progress on V2O5 extraction from vanadium-bearing shale[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2022, 43(2): 25-34. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.02.005
Citation: Kang Xuanxiong, Ye Guohua, Zhu Siqin, Liang Xueyin. Research progress on V2O5 extraction from vanadium-bearing shale[J]. IRON STEEL VANADIUM TITANIUM, 2022, 43(2): 25-34. doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.02.005

从含钒页岩中提取五氧化二钒的研究进展

doi: 10.7513/j.issn.1004-7638.2022.02.005
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51964028,51304090)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    亢选雄(1999—),男,云南宣威人,硕士研究生,主要从事钒资源的物理分选与化学提取研究,E-mail:kxx520 lyx@163.com

    通讯作者:

    叶国华,博士,副教授,长期从事钒资源的物理分选与化学提取研究,E-mail:ghye581@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TF841.3

Research progress on V2O5 extraction from vanadium-bearing shale

  • 摘要: 介绍了含钒页岩提钒的主要环节,包括预富集、焙烧、浸出等,分析讨论了各环节的优缺点。含钒页岩的预富集可以提高原矿中钒的品位、降低矿石处理量、提高含钒页岩资源的有效利用率,但对矿石性质要求较高;焙烧可以有效地破坏含钒页岩的晶体结构、促进低价钒向高价钒的转化,但存在效率较低、能耗较高和潜在污染等问题;直接酸浸工艺能有效浸取以吸附形式存在的含钒页岩中的钒,但对于以类质同象赋存于云母晶格中的含钒页岩适用性较差;新型浸出技术(如超声波浸出、微波浸出、微生物浸出技术等)强化了对含钒矿物晶体结构的破坏,但受技术和设备发展水平的限制,目前并未在工业上得到很好的应用。
  • 图  1  含钒页岩焙烧脱碳—摇床预抛尾工艺流程

    Figure  1.  Process of roasting decarburization of vanadium-bearing shale and rocking bed pre-throwing

    图  2  空白焙烧-酸浸提钒工艺流程

    Figure  2.  Process of vanadium extraction using blank roasting and acid leaching

    图  3  直接酸浸工艺流程

    Figure  3.  Process of vanadium extraction using direct acid leaching

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    Yang Meng. Study on extraction of vanadium from vanadium bearing minerals by bioleaching and selective adsorption enrichment [D]. Beijing: China University of Geosciences (Beijing), 2018.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-14
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-05-11
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-28

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